This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) encourages investigators to submit research grant applications that will identify, develop, evaluate and refine effective and efficient methods, systems, infrastructures, and strategies to disseminate and implement research-tested health behavior change interventions, evidence-based prevention, early detection, diagnostic, treatment and management, and quality of life improvement services, and data monitoring and surveillance reporting tools into public health and clinical practice settings that focus on patient outcomes.
The goals of this FOA are to encourage trans-disciplinary teams of scientists and practice stakeholders to work together to develop and/or test conceptual models of dissemination and implementation that may be applicable across diverse community and practice settings and patient populations, and design studies that will accurately and transparently assess the outcomes of dissemination and implementation efforts.
Key characteristics of high-priority dissemination and implementation (D&I) research applications may include but are not limited to:
- Use and testing or refinement of intervention and evaluation models appropriate for D&I
- Understanding of the complexity of health interventions, including those with multiple components and those for low resource settings and for populations traditionally underrepresented in research, for which D&I may not be a simple process
- Understanding the incentives and/or barriers to the D&I of novel tools and practices to improve public health
- Consideration and characterization of the multi-level context and environment in which the proposed research will be conducted
- Development and/or use of applicable outcomes, measures and analyses related to the models used and the project specific aims
- Attention to issues of resources expended, programs' costs, cost-effectiveness or other economic outcomes * Incorporation of stakeholder relevant outcomes of research (including relevant outcomes for patients, families, providers, administrators, policymakers).
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